British law reflects the historical contradictory nature of British industrial relations. In addition, workers are concerned that if their union is prosecuted for violating a collective agreement, the union could go bankrupt, allowing workers to remain in collective bargaining without representation. This unfortunate situation could change slowly, partly under the influence of the EU. Japanese and Chinese companies that have British factories (especially in the automotive industry) are trying to pass on the company`s ethics to their workers. [Clarification needed] This approach has been adopted by local UK companies such as Tesco. In Finland, collective agreements are universal. This means that a collective agreement in an industry becomes a universally applicable legal minimum for the employment contract of each individual, whether a member of a union or not. For this condition to apply, half of the workers in this sector must be unionized and therefore support the agreement. Although the collective agreement itself is unenforceable, many of the negotiated conditions relate to wages, conditions, leave, pensions, etc. These conditions are included in an employee`s employment contract (whether the employee is unionized or not); and the employment contract is, of course, enforceable.
If the new conditions are not acceptable to individuals, they may contradict their employer; but if the majority of workers have agreed, the company will be able to dismiss the plaintiffs, normally with impunity. In Sweden, around 90% of employees are covered by collective agreements and 83% in the private sector (2017).   Collective agreements generally contain minimum wage provisions. Sweden has no legislation on minimum wages or laws to extend collective agreements to disorganized employers. Unorganized employers can sign replacement agreements directly with unions, but many are not. The Swedish model of self-regulation applies only to companies and workers covered by collective agreements.  A collective agreement, collective agreement (CLA) or collective agreement (CLA) is a written contract that is negotiated through the collective bargaining of employees by one or more unions with the management of a company (or employers` association) and that regulates the working conditions of employees. .