As a result, they reminded their colleagues that France would retain control of much of the country and that people in the region could be confused, alienated and vulnerable to hostile manipulation. While the three conventions (later known as the Geneva Conventions) date from July 20 (to meet the 30-day deadline of Mendès France), they were actually signed on the morning of July 21. [5:605 Most of the nine participating countries have committed to guaranteeing the agreements, but the United States has made it clear that it is not bound by them. . . .