The main concern for the EU is Lebanon`s weak national economic and political stability, reinforced by the knock-on effects of the Syrian crisis, which can be seen as an important critical point in EU-Lebanon relations. In this context, the EU decided in 2013 to implement a rather unusual measure when it was decided to include Hezbollah`s armed wing on the EU`s list of terrorist movements (Black, 2013). The European action was initially explained by Hezbollah`s alleged involvement in a terrorist attack in Bulgaria in 2012, but the main reason for this political decision was probably Hezbollah`s active participation in syria`s civil war. Regarding the EU decision, it was said that the EU would remain in contact with Lebanese political parties, including Hezbollah, which was then part of the Lebanese government. It is important that the EU maintains effective political relations with Lebanon and preserves the understanding of the common interests between the two sides. This is in line with the agreements concluded between the EU and the Lebanese under the ENP, as already mentioned. However, the logic of trail dependence is aware that changes can occur as a result of unexpected political processes, as in the case of Hezbollah`s alleged terrorist attack in Bulgaria. Lebanon concluded negotiations for an Association Agreement with the European Union at the end of 2001 and both parties initialled the agreement in January 2002, the agreement being known as the EU-Lebanon Association Agreement. The EU-Lebanon Action Plan of 19 January 2007 gave new impetus to bilateral relations under the ENP. A Joint Committee composed of representatives of the EFTA States and Lebanon shall monitor the application of the Agreement.
The Parties may hold consultations and, in the absence of agreement, apply interim measures. European Commission (2017c) New aid plan for Lebanon: the EU is strongly committed to supporting the country`s development and stability. ec.europa.eu/neighbourhood-enlargement/news_corner/news/new-assistance-package-lebanon-eu-strongly-committed-supporting-countrys_en, called on 1 October 2018 The objective of this article is to analyse the EU`s policy towards Lebanon, with a focus on the institutional relations between the EU and Lebanon in the light of the Syrian crisis. The article focuses on the main bilateral agreements, the EU-Lebanon Association Agreement and the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) Action Plans, but focuses on recent agreements and focuses on the specific challenges related to the considerable number of Syrian refugees in Lebanon and policies that address this complex phenomenon. . . .