Brexit Agreement Details

After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms. [29] The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the «backstop» agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense. On 23 June 2016, the United Kingdom voted by a majority of 51.9% against 48.1% in favour of leaving the European Union, with a turnout of almost 72%. This has put the UK on track to leave the EU, but has left all the details of its withdrawal unresolved. The timetable was set on 29 March, when British Prime Minister Theresa May took the formal step required by EU legislation to launch the withdrawal process to trigger Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty. In July 2019, Boris Johnson succeeded Theresa May as British Prime Minister after the House of Commons rejected a withdrawal agreement it had reached with the EU over the terms of the UK`s withdrawal. There followed lengthy negotiations on the details of the UK`s withdrawal and the revision of the withdrawal agreement. In the end, Mrs May`s agreement was rejected and the «backstop» was replaced by the Northern Ireland Protocol. European Union officials have made no secret of their desire for a free trade agreement with the UK, and the political agreement published on Thursday says so. On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed, by 329 votes to 299, to give a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable it had proposed did not receive the required parliamentary support. Johnson announced that the law would be overturned. [38] [12] If the withdrawal agreement is approved, an EU law (withdrawal agreement) will be introduced to implement the withdrawal agreement in UK law. In addition to the library`s briefing paper, the manual for judicious voting, this document contains an updated report on national constitutional requirements for ratification of the withdrawal agreement.

On 13 November 2018, the EU decided that «decisive progress» had been made in the Brexit negotiations, and on 14 November the European Commission and the UK Government published a draft withdrawal agreement as well as three protocols (on the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, the SOVEREIGN territories of the United Kingdom in Cyprus and Gibraltar) and nine annexes. The text of the negotiated withdrawal agreement and the political declaration on the framework for future EU-UK relations were approved by EU heads of state and government at a specially convened European Council on 25 November 2018. Overall, the deal would allow Britain to dissociate itself from the bloc from what was envisaged under the agreement, sealed a year ago by then-Prime Minister Theresa May.


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